Which birds are called “birds of prey”?
Birds of prey, also known as raptors, are meat eaters that use their feet, instead of their beak, to capture prey. They have exceptionally good vision, a sharp, hooked beak, and powerful feet with curved, sharp talons. Birds of prey include falcons, hawks, eagles, kites, osprey, and vultures. Most of these birds capture live prey, including reptiles, insects, fish, birds, mammals, mollusks, and carrion (the dead and decaying remains of an animal). In general, birds of prey feed on game that average 12 to 50 percent of their own body weight; however, larger species will catch prey their own weight or larger. For example, bald eagles have been seen carrying mule deer fawns, which can weigh 15 to 20 pounds (6.8 to 9 kilograms).