The first and only black college consortium, the Atlanta University System, was founded in 1929. John Hope (1868–1936) became the first president of the system when Atlanta University (a co-educational institution), Spelman College (an undergraduate college for women), and Morehouse College (an undergraduate college for men), entered a consortia arrangement. Later Clark and Morris Brown Colleges (Morris Brown no longer exists) and the Interdenominational Theological Seminary (all co-educational) joined to form the largest educational center in the world for blacks. Atlanta and Clark merged in 1988, to become Clark Atlanta University, which remains a part of the consortium.
Xavier University of Louisiana in New Orleans is the first black Catholic university.