Civil Rights and Protests

Race Riots

What is the significance of the Albany, Georgia, movement?

Albany, Georgia, became a focal point for one of the first large-scale community protests against segregation after the Montgomery Bus Boycott. These efforts involved a coalition of organizations, including the NAACP youth chapter at Albany State College, the Baptist Ministers’ Alliance, the Federation of Women’s Clubs, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) led by Martin Luther King Jr. The coalition tested the Interstate Commerce Commission’s outlawing of segregation in public transportation facilities. The protest was begun at the Albany bus terminal on November 11, 1961, by local activists. Dr. King and the SCLC joined the protest in December of 1961. Although King and the other protesters were arrested, they learned important strategic lessons from the protests.

This is the F. W. Woolworth store in Greensboro, North Carolina, that was the site of the famous 1960 sit-in protest by four black students upset that they were refused service at a lunch counter.


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