In 1985 August Wilson (1945–2005) became the first black American to have two concurrent plays on Broadway. His play Fences, written in 1983, opened at the Forty-sixth Street Theater on Broadway in April 1985. It depicts the personal and economic problems of black families. The play grossed $11 million in one year and broke the record of earnings for nonmusical plays. In 1987 Wilson won a Pulitzer Prize and a Tony Award for the play. While Fences was still running on Broadway, Wilson’s Joe Turner’s Come and Gone, written in 1984, opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theater. The play explores the after-effects of slavery in 1911 in Pittsburgh and the Southern black migration to the urban North.