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What was the Julius Rosenwald Rural Negro Schools project?

In 1911 philanthropist and organization founder Julius Rosenwald (1862–1932) met Booker T. Washington of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama and the two developed a program that had a marked impact on the education of African Americans in the rural South. The relationship stimulated Rosenwald to build over five thousand schools, teachers’ homes, shops, and other buildings in sixteen southern and border states, from 1909 to 1932. The buildings were funded on a matching basis, with states and local areas contributing some of the support. To enhance the educational program in these schools and uplift the education of black youth, many teachers who were a part of the Jeanes teacher program taught in the Rosenwald schools. Many of the school buildings are extant and now restored to serve as community centers.


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