In 1995 the largest ROTC programs on HBCU campuses were at Alabama A&M University and Tuskegee University in Alabama, Florida A&M University, Jackson State University in Mississippi, Howard University in Washington, D.C., North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro, South Carolina State University in Orangeburg, Prairie View A&M University in Texas, and Hampton and Norfolk State Universities in Virginia. Among these, only Hampton and Tuskegee are privately supported institutions. Some of the small, private institutions, such as Fisk University in Nashville, have provided ROTC and NROTC training for its students at nearby institutions, such as Vanderbilt University. The U.S. Navy’s presence on the HBCU campuses has been small. The HBCU programs also have on campus professors of military science who are revered names among black officers. Earlier, some of these professors were former Tuskegee Airmen. Among those on campus in fairly recent times were Colonel James Robinson at South Carolina State and Lieutenant Colonel Hiram Chase of Howard and Prairie View.