Educational Organizations

Who founded the College Language Association?

Hugh Morris Gloster (1911–2002) was the founder and first president of the College Language Association in 1937. A native of Brownsville, Tennessee, Gloster graduated from Morehouse College in Atlanta in 1931 and received a master’s degree from Atlanta University in 1933. After teaching at LeMoyne-Owen College in Memphis, he returned to Morehouse where he taught until 1943. In that year he also received a doctorate from New York University. Gloster worked for the United Service Organizations in Arizona and Atlanta. Later he moved to Hampton Institute (now University) in Virginia and rose in rank to become dean of the faculty. He was a Fulbright professor of English at Japan’s Hiroshima University and became a part of the international educational exchange program at the University of Warsaw in Poland. Gloster’s distinguished career in education was capped with his presidency of Morehouse College from 1967 to 1987. While there he strengthened the college’s endowment, doubled the size of the campus as well as the faculty, doubled faculty salaries, increased to 65 percent the total number of faculty with Ph.D. degrees, and quadrupled the enrollment. He was the school’s seventh president and its first alumnus to lead the institution. Among Gloster’s publications were Negro Voices in American Fiction (1948) and My Life—My Country—My World (1952). He died in Decatur, Georgia, on February 16, 2002, at age ninety.

Frederick Patterson—seen here with President Lyndon Johnson in the Oval Office—founded the United Negro College Fund, as well as the only black veterinary school, which is at Tuskegee University.


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