Human Growth and Development

Birth and Lactation

How is the onset of labor identified?

Different women will experience different symptoms at the onset of labor. Some women may experience lower back pain or cramping similar to menstrual cramps. In some women, the amniotic sac ruptures early in labor with a sensation of fluid leaking either as a trickle or a large gush of fluid. Some women will lose the mucous plug that blocks the cervix with a brownish or red-tinged mucous discharge. Ultimately, as labor progresses, uterine contractions become more powerful and more frequent.

In a normal birth, the baby’s head emerges first and may be positioned either sideways (right) or in a more vertical, twisted position (left). (From Pillitteri, A. Maternal and Child Nursing. 4th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2003.)

This is a web preview of the "The Handy Anatomy Answer Book" app. Many features only work on your mobile device. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Get the App