The earliest test created to measure intelligence was developed by French physiologist Alfred Binet (1857–1911) in 1905. The purpose of the test was to measure skills such as judgment, comprehension, and reasoning in order to place children in the appropriate classes in school. The test was brought to the United States by Stanford University psychologist Lewis Terman (1877–1956) in 1916 and renamed the Stanford-Binet test. Since then, other intelligence tests, such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children have been developed. These tests have produced a score referred to as an intelligence quotient or IQ.