Background Facts

Anatomical Terminology

Major Regions of the Upper and Lower Extremities

The upper extremities and lower extremities form the appendicular region of the body. The upper extremities include the shoulders, upper arms, forearms, wrists, and hands. The lower extremities include the thighs, legs, ankles, and feet.

Anatomical Term Common Term
Upper Extremity
Antebrachial Forearm
Brachial Upper arm
Antecubital Anterior portion of the elbow joint
Cubital Posterior portion of the elbow joint
Digital Fingers
Palmar Palm of the hand
Lower Extremity
Femoral Thigh
Patellar Anterior portion of the knee joint
Popliteal Posterior portion of the knee joint
Tarsal Ankle
Pedal Foot
Digital Toes
Plantar Sole of the foot


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