Basic Biology


What are mitochondria?

A mitochondrion (singular form) is a self-replicating, double-membraned body found in the cytoplasm of all eukaryotic cells. The outer membrane of a mitochondrion is smooth, while the inner membrane is folded into numerous layers that are called cristae. Mitochondria are the location for much of the metabolism necessary for protein synthesis, and for the production of both ATP and lipids.


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