Endocrine System

Adrenal Glands

What are the effects of glucocorticoids on the body?

Glucocorticoids have many varying effects on the body.

  • The most critical effect of the glucocorticoids is the stimulation of glucose synthesis and glycogen formation, especially within the liver.

  • They stimulate the release of fatty acids from adipose tissue, which can be used as an energy source.

  • They decrease the effects of physical and emotional stress, such as fright, bleeding, and infection, since the additional supply of glucose from the liver provides tissues with a ready source of ATP.

  • They suppress allergic and inflammatory reactions.

  • They decrease and suppress the activities of white blood cells and other components of the immune system.


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