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Nervous System

The Brain

table 1.1

Each area of the brain has a specific function, as seen in the below table.

Brain Area General Functions
Brainstem
Medulla oblongata Relays messages between spinal cord and brain and to cerebrum; center for control and regulation of cardiac, respiratory, and digestive activities
Pons Relays information from medulla and other areas of the brain; controls certain respiratory functions
Midbrain Involved with the processing of visual information, including visual reflexes, movement of eyes, focusing of lens, and dilation of pupils
Brain Area General Functions
Cerebellum Processing center involved with coordination of movements, balance and equilibrium, posture; processes sensory information used by motor systems
Cerebrum Center for conscious thought processes and intellectual functions, memory, sensory perception, and emotions
Diencephalon
Thalamus Relay and processing center for sensory information
Hypothalamus Regulates body temperature, water balance, sleep-wake cycles, appetite, emotions, and hormone production


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