The Medieval World, C. 400–1300

Japanese Art Until C. 1400

What is Byodo-in?

Byodo-in is a Buddhist temple originally built during the Heian period in a mountainous region near Kyoto. Considered one of the most beautiful Pure Land Buddhist temples, Byodo-in is also known as Phoenix Hall because of two bronze phoenixes on the roof, and because the building’s upswept rooflines are considered bird-like. It sits in front of a reflecting pond designed in the shape of the Sanskrit letter “A,” which is the sacred symbol of the Amida Buddha.


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