From the Industrial Revolution to World War I, C. 1850–1914


What is the Arts and Crafts movement?

The Arts and Crafts movement, which lasted from 1860 to 1910, was championed by a loose group of artists, designers, writers, and architects with both aesthetic and social concerns. It developed first in Britain, and then in the United States, where it is called the American Craftsman style. Inspired by the ideas of art critic John Ruskin, its supporters believed that industrialization resulted in the diminished quality of decorative objects and that this was at least partly to blame for social problems of the era. One of the leaders of the Arts and Crafts movement, William Morris (1834–1896), also believed that beautiful art should be available to everyone, and that the status of decorative arts should be raised to the status of paintings and sculptures (traditionally considered to be examples of fine art). Other artists associated with the Arts and Crafts movement include Gustav Stickley (1858–1942) an American designer and furniture maker known for his geometric simplicity, along with Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868–1928), a Scottish designer and architect also associated with art nouveau. Arts and Crafts architects included Philip Webb (1831–1913), Charles Voysey (18571941), and Frank Lloyd Wright (1867–1959), who is associated with the Prairie School, an American offshoot of the Arts and Crafts movement based in Chicago.


This is a web preview of the "The Handy Art History Answer Book" app. Many features only work on your mobile device. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Get the App