The Raimondi Stela depicts a human-like jaguar deity and is an example of Chavin style art from the Peruvian Andes in South America. The Chavin culture, considered a mother culture to later Peru, developed between 1500 and 300 B.C.E., and Chavin style art emphasized complex abstract patterns and featured animals such as jaguars and eagles. The jaguar creature carved on the Raimondi Stela is known as the Staff God. It is depicted wearing an elaborate headdress made from stacked, serpentine monster-heads. This interweaving image emphasizes balance and symmetry in its abstract design.
The enigmatic Nazca lines are thousands of years old and depict symbolic shapes and animals such as the spider (pictured).