The Modern World During and After the World Wars, C. 1914–1960

Modern Art Until C. 1960

What was the Ashcan School?

The Ashcan School was a loosely affiliated group of American realist artists made up of some members of “The Eight,” including Robert Henri, William Glackens, George Luks, Everett Shinn, and John Sloan. The painter George Bellows (1882–1925) is also associated with the Ashcan School. Like the Impressionists, the artists of the Aschan School were interested in scenes of everyday American life, though they tended towards darker themes. Paintings such as John Sloan’s Election Night (1907) and George Bellows’ Cliff Dwellers (1913) feature bold colors and seemingly spontaneous energy as large groups of people fill the frame. The Ashcan School is considered the first modern American art movement.


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