Baroque and Beyond C. 1600–1850


What was the Gothic Revival?

Also known as the Neo Gothic movement, the Gothic Revival was an eighteenth- and nineteenth-century architectural movement characterized by the revival of medieval style, and coincided with the increased popularity of medieval literature and poetry. A good example of Gothic Revival architecture is Strawberry Hill, the private home of Horace Walpole (1717–1797) in Twickenham, England. Walpole’s home design included round turrets topped with crenellated battlements (tooth-like notches used for defense in medieval buildings) and pointed-arch tracery windows similar to those found in French Gothic cathedrals. Another example of Gothic Revival architecture is the Palace of Westminster in London, which was rebuilt after a fire in 1834. Gothic Revival architecture was a popular style for universities both in Europe and the United States, including the University of Glasgow, the University of Chicago, and the City College of New York, among many others.


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