Baroque and Beyond C. 1600–1850

Asian Art

What was the Silhak Movement?

The Silhak Movement was a Korean style of painting that developed during the eighteenth century and was inspired by a newfound focus on Korean identity and Confucianism. Chong Son (1676–1759) was a celebrated Korean painter and was a leading member of the Silhak Movement. He was active during the middle of the Choson dynasty, which lasted from 1392 until 1910 and had its capital at Seoul, now the capital of South Korea. Chong Son was inspired by Chinese literati painting and is known for his ink paintings of mountain scenes, especially paintings of the Diamond Mountains, which he made with dark, textured brushstrokes. Like the literati painters, Chong Son was interested in capturing a “true view,” or realistic depiction, of the natural world.


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