Baroque and Beyond C. 1600–1850

Neoclassical Art

Who was Angelica Kauffmann?

Angelica Kauffmann (1741–1807) was an important neoclassical artist in Britain who studied in Rome, became friends with Joshua Reynolds, and co-founded the Royal Academy of Arts in 1768, though she was forbidden to study the male nude, a fundamental part of academic training to this day. Despite this, Kauffmann painted history paintings, which where held in higher regard than any other form of painting, and was the only eighteenth-century woman artist to do so. Kauffman produced roco-coesque, neoclassical history paintings, including Ariadne Abandoned by Theseus (1774), A Sleeping Nymph Watched by a Shepherd (1780), and Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures (c. 1785), which tells a story in the life of one of the most powerful women in ancient Rome. Many of her paintings were reproduced as prints, and she had great success as a portraitist for aristocratic patrons.


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