From the Industrial Revolution to World War I, C. 1850–1914

Late Nineteenth-Century Painting

Who was Winslow Homer?

Winslow Homer (1836–1910) was an American painter who worked as a magazine illustrator and war correspondent during the Civil War. He is known for his depictions of leisure activities and outdoor scenes, and like Thomas Eakin’s was a proponent of Realism, though is work is characterized by its nostalgia for the simplicity of the pre-Industrial era. His painting, Snap the Whip (1872) monumentalizes a traditional children’s game and includes a depiction of a one-room schoolhouse and boys dressed in simple, country clothes with no shoes on. The scene is in stark contrast to the pain of the Civil War, and the changes brought on during its aftermath and during the Industrial Revolution.


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