Astronomy Fundamentals

Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Advances

What significant scientific advances occurred in the 1700s that most advanced astronomy?

In the 1700s, the study of mathematics beyond the calculus first established by Leibniz and Newton led to the development of the branch of physics called mechanics. Scientists began to understand the nature of electricity through experiments in laboratories and with lightning. Opticians began to develop telescopes that could let astronomers observe objects invisible to the unaided eye. And using those telescopes, astronomers began to take systematic surveys of the sky, making detailed sky catalogs.


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