Space Programs

Early Space Stations

What was Mir?

Mir, meaning “peace” in Russian, was an orbiting space station operated by the Soviet Union (and its successor government, Russia) from 1986 to 2001. Mir was launched in self-contained, attachable pieces called modules, and was literally put together in space one module at a time. The first (core) module was launched on February 19, 1986, from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. By 1996, when the seventh and last module was installed, Mir had become a multi-spoked cylinder more than one hundred feet long, had a mass of more than 120 tons, and had more than ten thousand cubic feet of living space.


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