Space Programs

Early Space Stations

What was the Salyut program?

On April 19, 1971, the Soviet Union launched Salyut 1, the world’s first space station. It was designed to accommodate three cosmonauts for three to four weeks. In all, the Soviet space program operated seven Salyut space stations between 1971 and 1991. These space stations helped scientists and spacecraft designers understand some of the challenges and possibilities of extended stays in space.


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