Space Programs

Early Soviet Programs

What was the Voskhod program?

Voskhod, Russian for “sunrise,” was the former Soviet Union’s second series of piloted spacecraft. It was similar in design to its predecessor, the Vostok series, except that it could hold three humans at a time, rather than just one. Voskhod was created as a stopgap craft in the space program to keep the Soviet manned space program moving forward as delays in the Soyuz program mounted. As such, the spacecraft was a bit rough around the edges; the cosmonauts sat on small couches, there were no ejection seats or emergency escapes, and there was so little room in the cabin that the three cosmonauts could not even wear spacesuits. Fortunately, though the Voskhod was fraught with risk, no mishaps occurred for the lifetime of the program.


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