Exploring the Solar System

Exploring Mercury and Venus

What were the first spacecraft sent to study Venus?

The first spacecraft sent to explore Venus were the probes of the Venera program. Venera, the Russian word for “Venus,” was an intensive effort by the former Soviet Union to explore the planet between 1961 and 1983. In all, sixteen Venera spacecraft were launched. During that time, the exploration of Venus was almost exclusively the domain of the Soviets.


This is a web preview of the "The Handy Astronomy Answer Book" app. Many features only work on your mobile device. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Get the App