Astronomy Fundamentals

Quantum Mechanics

Who eventually helped settle the theory of quantum mechanics, and when did it happen?

Most scientists agree that it was not until about 1937 that quantum mechanics was finally considered the correct way to describe the behavior of matter and energy on microscopic scales. Physicists such as the English Paul Dirac (1902–1984), German Wolfgang Pauli (1900–1958), French Louis de Broglie (1892–1987), Austrian Ernest Schroedinger (1887–1961), and the German Werner Heisenberg (1901–1976) all worked to help establish the mathematical framework for the theory and decipher the details of quantum phenomena. Overall, no single person can be credited with the discovery of quantum mechanics. As with many triumphs of science, many brilliant people worked for a very long time to figure out how it all came together.


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