Building the Bible

The 1500s: The Protestant Reformation

What are the 95 Theses?

The 95 Theses are a collection of Luther’s ideas criticizing some of the Church’s practices, particularly the selling of indulgences (selling forgiveness of sins). In Wittenberg, Germany, on October 31, 1517, Luther nailed a copy of his theses on the door of All Saints Church. Within weeks of Luther posting the 95 Theses in Germany, copies were seen all over Europe, thereby marking the Protestant Reformation the first religious movement to be facilitated by the invention of the printing press. In a move that angered the Church even more, Luther translated the Bible into German. This translation became known as the Luther Bible.


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