Aquatic and Land Animal Diversity

Mammals

How long do animals, in particular mammals, live?

Of the mammals, humans and fin whales live the longest. The following lists the maximum life span for various longer-lived animal species:

Animal (Latin name)

Maximum Life Span (in years)

Marion’s tortoise (Testudo sumeirii)

152

Quahog (Venus mercenaria)

c. 150

Common box tortoise (Terrapene Carolina)

138

European pond tortoise (Emys orbicularis)

120

Spur-thighed tortoise (Testudo graeca)

116

Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus)

116

Human (Homo sapiens sapiens)

116 (although this is probably closer to 125)

Deep-sea clam (Tindaria callistiformis)

c. 100

Killer whale (Orcinus orca)

c. 90

European eel (Anguilla anguilla)

88

Lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens)

82

Freshwater mussel (Margaritana margaritifera)

80 to 70

Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus)

78

Andean condor (Vultur gryphus)

72

Whale shark (Rhiniodon typus)

c. 70

African elephant (Loxodonta africana)

c. 70

Great eagle-owl (Bubo bubo)

68

American alligator (Alligator mississipiensis)

66

Ostrich (Struthio camelus)

62.5

Horse (Equus caballus)

62

Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)

c. 59

Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibious)

54.5

Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)

51

Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)

50

Domestic goose (Anser a. domesticus)

49.75

European brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos)

47

Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)

c. 45

Goldfish (Carassius auratus)

41

Common toad (Bufo bufo)

40

Roundworm (Tylenchus polyhyprus)

39

Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

36.25

Domestic cat (Felis catus)

34

Canary (Serinus caneria)

34

American bison (Bison bison)

33

Bobcat (Felis rufus)

32.3

Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus)

32

American manatee (Trichechus manatus)

30

Domestic dog (Canis familiaris)

29.5

Lion (Panthera leo)

c. 29

Theraphosid spider (Mygalomorphae)

c. 28

Tiger (Panthera tigris)

26.25

Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)

26

American badger (Taxidea taxus)

26

Common wombat (Vombatus ursinus)

26

Bottle-nosed dolphin (Tursiops truncates)

25

Domestic chicken (Gallus g. domesticus)

25

Gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)

23.5

Aardvark (Orycteropus afer)

23

Coyote (Canis latrans)

21

Domestic goat (Capra hircus domesticus)

20.75

Queen ant (Myrmecina graminicola)

18

Common rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

18

Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus)

6.75

Domestic turkey (Melagris gallapave domesticus)

16

American beaver (Castor Canadensis)

15

Land snail (Helix spiriplana)

15

Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)

14.8

Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus)

14

Golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus)

10

Millipede (Cylindroiulus landinensis)

7

House mouse (Mus musculus)

6

Common octopus (Octopus vulgaris)

2 to 3

Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)

1.13

Bedbug (Cimex lectularius)

0.5 or 182 days

Black widow spider (Latrodectus mactans)

0.27 or 100 days

Common housefly (Musca domesticus)

0.04 or 17 days



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