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Plant Structure, Function, and Use

Plant Uses

What are some common culinary herbs?

Herbs are often used to enhance flavors in food. They usually come from the leaves of nonwoody plants and sometimes the fruits or bulbs. The following lists some of the more familiar culinary herbs:

Common Name

Scientific Name

Part Used

Basil

Ocimum basilicum

Leaves

Bay leaves

Laurus nobilis

Leaves

Cumin

Cuminum cyminum

Fruit

Dill

Anethum graveolens

Fruit, leaves

Garlic

Allium satiavum

Bulbs

Mustard

Brassica alba; Brassica nigra

Seed

Onion

Allium cepa

Bulb, some leaves

Oregano

Origanum vulgare

Leaves

Parsley

Petroselinum crispum

Leaves

Peppermint

Mentha piperita

Leaves

Sage

Salvia officinalis

Leaves

Tarragon

Artemesia dracunculus

Leaves

Thyme

Thymus vulgaris

Leaves



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