Mushrooms and Edible Fungi

What are some of the more common, edible mushrooms?

Humans—and other animals—have consumed many mushrooms and other edible fungi over time. The following lists some of the more popular ones:

               Common Name

Scientific Name

               American matsutake

Tricholoma magnivelare

               Beech mushroom

Hypsizygus tessulatus


Lepista nuda

               Black truffle*

Tuber melanosporum


Cantharellus cibarius

               Chicken mushroom

Laetiporus sulphureus

               Golden mushroom

Flammulina velutipes

               Honey mushroom

Armillaria mellea

               Meadow mushroom

Agaricus campestris (and others)


Morchella esculenta (and others)

               Oyster mushroom

Pleurotus ostreatus


Boletus edulis


Lentinula edodes

               Straw mushroom

Volvariella volvacea

               Trompette des morts*

Craterellus cornucopioides

*Wild, uncultivated mushroom.


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