Physiology: Animal Function and Reproduction

Nervous System

What is demyelination?

Demyelination is the term used for a loss of myelin, a substance in the brain’s white matter that insulates nerve endings. Myelin helps the nerves receive and interpret messages from the brain at maximum speed. When nerve endings lose this substance, they cannot function properly, leading to patches of scarring, or “sclerosis.” The result may be multiple areas of sclerosis. The damage slows or blocks muscle coordination, visual sensation, and other functions that rely on nerve signals.


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