What vascular plant contains silica and was once used to clean and polish?

Tracheophytes—ferns Read more from
Chapter Plant Diversity

The outer tissues of a vascular plant called horsetail (a division of ferns) contains abrasive particles of silica—a mineral absorbed from the soil to give strength to the plant structure. In fact, because of their roughness, these plants were once called scouring rushes and were used by Native Americans to polish bows and arrows. Early North American settlers also used horsetails to clean their pots and pans along stream banks—these plants are found in abundance in such areas. You can still see horsetails growing today along stream and river banks, and moist areas, such as ditches. They may not be used as scouring pads anymore, but in herbal medicine, they have been used as a mild diuretic and for the healing of broken bones.


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