American naturalist John Muir (1838–1914) is the father of conservation and the founder of the Sierra Club. He fought for the preservation of the Sierra Nevada in California and the creation of Yosemite National Park. He directed most of the Sierra Club’s conservation efforts and was a lobbyist for the Antiquities Act, which prohibited the removal or destruction of structures of historic significance from federal lands. Another prominent influence was George Perkins Marsh (1801–1882), a Vermont lawyer and scholar. His book Man and Nature emphasized the mistakes of past civilizations that resulted in destruction of natural resources. As the conservation movement swept through the country in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, a number of prominent citizens joined the efforts to conserve natural resources and to preserve wilderness areas. Writer John Burroughs (1837–1921), forester Gifford Pinchot (1865–1946), botanist Charles Sprague Sargent (1841–1927), and editor Robert Underwood Johnson (1857–1937) were early advocates of conservation.