Who was Ivan Pavlov?
Animal Instinct, Learning, and Emotions
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Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936) was a Russian physiologist who became famous for his experiments with dogs, in which the animals performed a specific behavior in response to a certain stimulus (see above)—an example of classical conditioning. Although he never thought much of the then fledgling science of psychology, Pavlov’s work on conditioned reflexes has been far reaching, from elementary education to adult training programs. Pavlov was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1904) for his study of the physiology of digestion.