Heredity, Natural Selection, and Evolution

Early Studies in Heredity

Why was Mendel successful in his work while others were not?

Using a simple organism like the garden pea, Mendel was able to control pollination among his experimental plants, and most importantly, he used true breeding plants with easily observable characteristics, such as flower color and height. He also kept meticulous records and discovered consistent data that involved thousands of plant-breeding experiments over eleven years. Interestingly, he studied physics and math under Christian Doppler (1803–1853; the eventual discoverer of the Doppler Effect) at the University of Vienna, which helped Mendel understand statistics and experimentation and eventually led him to determine the laws for his famous heredity works.

Austrian monk Gregor Mendel is considered the father of modern genetics.


This is a web preview of the "The Handy Biology Answer Book" app. Many features only work on your mobile device. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Get the App