Inorganic Chemistry

Structure and Bonding

What are the valence orbitals of transition metals?

The transition metals are also referred to as the d block because their valence orbitals are the d shell (see illustration on this page). There are five different d orbitals. Three (dxy, dxz, and dyz) of these five look similar, just with different orientations in space. The fourth (dx2-y2) has the same shape as the previous three, but the loops point in along the axes as opposed to between them. Finally the dz2 looks like a p-orbital pointed along the z-axis with a ring (technically a torus) around it.


The five different valence orbitals of transition metals.


This is a web preview of the "The Handy Chemistry Answer Book" app. Many features only work on your mobile device. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Get the App