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Atoms and Molecules

Molecules and Chemical Bonds

What is a chemical bond?

A chemical bond is an attractive interaction that binds atoms together through a sharing of electron density. The simplest bonding arrangement involves just two electrons shared between nuclei such that each effectively has a stable octet of eight valence electrons (or just two in the case of H–H). When two atoms are sharing a total of two electrons between them, the atoms are referred to as singly bonded to each other.

Bonds are what hold atoms together in molecules, and they are usually not easily broken. The arrangement of atoms in a molecule determines the identity of a chemical compound. The making or breaking of bonds is a chemical reaction, which converts one chemical compound into another.



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