Chemical Reactions

Kinetics and Thermodynamics

What is meant by “dynamic equilibrium”?

Equilibrium conditions in a reversible chemical reaction are described as a dynamic equilibrium. This means that even at equilibrium the reaction has not stopped, and the forward and reverse reactions are still taking place. The bulk concentrations of reactants and products don’t change, but this is just because the forward and reverse reactions are happening at equal rates. The reaction never stops, it just reaches equilibrium.


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