Inorganic Chemistry

Electricity and Magnetism

What is the difference between paramagnetic and diamagnetic complexes?

In chemistry, atoms or molecules that have at least one unpaired electron (so there is a net spin to the molecule) are known as paramagnetic. If all electrons are paired, chemists refer to the compound as diamagnetic. When a magnetic field is applied a paramagnetic substance will be attracted to the field, while diamagnetic molecules will be repelled from the field.


The iron shavings surrounding this magnet provide a good idea of the shape of the magnetic field surrounding this bar magnet, including its north and south poles.


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