They were grimly determined. Richmond had roughly doubled in size since the war began, thanks to the great numbers of wounded and refugees, and the cost of living was outrageous, but the people of the Confederate capital were as certain as ever that it was their duty to defy the enemy. And when they spoke of the enemy, they meant the Union, of course, but they were also very angry at the war profiteers, whom they called “hucksters.”
This map shows General Sherman’s march through Georgia and the Carolinas as he pursued Johnston (the Savannah Campaign). The scorched-earth tactic was particularly cruel for the South, as Sherman destroyed not only military targets but also infrastructure, farmland, and civilian property.