From Antietam to Chancellorsville: September 1862 to May 1863

“fighting Joe” Hooker

How did Stonewall Jackson die?

He died slowly, over the better part of a week. The surgeons, having taken off his left arm, believed there was a good chance he would recover, but “Old Jack” began to fade about four days into his convalescence. His numerous fatiguing marches may have contributed to his demise: he may have had very little in the way of physical reserves by that point. Jackson died on May 11, 1863. Just minutes before his death, in a state of delirium, he was repeating orders he may have given in the past, such as “Send A.P. Hill’s division.…” But just before he died, Jackson’s face took on an unmistakable look of peace, and his last words were, “Let us cross over the river and rest in the shade of the trees.”


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