The First Battles: April 1861 to February 1862

Bull Run

What was the day itself like: the weather?

July 21, 1861, was just what one would expect: hot, humid, and muggy. The Confederates were definitely more accustomed to the heavy, damp air, but men on both sides suffered in the heat. The average infantryman at Bull Run carried thirty pounds of equipment, making his task all the more difficult.

A map showing the siege of the Yorktown Peninsula in 1862, which might be said to be the earliest battle of the war, though it was more of a skirmish compared to Bull Run.


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