Army of Northern Virginia: February to September 1862

Unconditional Surrender U. S. Grant

What was the low point for Lincoln and the Northern cause during the winter of 1862?

On or around January 10, 1862, Lincoln fell into a deep gloom. Not only was the Army of the Potomac still in place, but the western forces were under attack, with the Confederates penetrating central Kentucky. The news from the Far West was equally bad, with the Confederates in possession of most of the New Mexico Territory. On one occasion, Lincoln was heard to say that perhaps he had better prepare himself for two countries rather than one. But there was no corresponding high point for the Confederacy. Everything—from the supply system to the men in army camp—was under strain.


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