Where did the war stand after the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg?
Verdict of the Newspapers
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Any person looking at the war from a neutral point of view could see that the North would win. It was only a matter of time. On the third day of battle at Gettysburg alone, the South had lost one-tenth of one percent of its entire white population. These casualty lists could not be supported for long. But in order to make doubly, perhaps triply, sure of its eventual victory, the North chose at this time to deploy black soldiers in growing numbers.
There had been movements toward this end as early as March 1863, but the first significant use of black troops in the field came at the attack on Battery Wagner in South Carolina.