Criminal trials proceed like civil trials in the sense that there are opening statements by both attorneys. The prosecution then presents its case-in-chief with the defense being able to cross-examine witnesses. After the prosecution finishes its case or rests, the defense has the opportunity to ask for a directed verdict of acquittal or motion to dismiss. Often, this is not granted. The defense then presents its case. After the conclusion of the case-in-chief, the parties then make closing arguments to the jury. Then, the judge will read jury instructions to help the jurors understand their duty and apply the law properly.