The Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment


Some have said James Madison used the Bill of Rights to save the Constitution. Is there truth to this?

Yes, James Madison avoided proposed amendments that would have altered the structure of the government and reduced the power of the federal government. Instead, he focused on proposed amendments that would add to individual liberty and garner popular support but would not lessen the power of the federal government.

James Madison felt that the Bill of Rights was needed in the U.S. Constitution, even though many of these rights were guaranteed by the states, to ensure that equal protections were granted to all U.S. citizens (iStock).

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