The Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment
What freedoms does the Fifth Amendment protect?
The Fifth Amendment provides: “No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.”
The Fifth Amendment—the longest in the Bill of Rights—provides the following protections:
Right to a grand jury
Protection against double jeopardy
Protection against self-incrimination