Constitutional Law

Legislative Branch

What was the Great Compromise?

The Great Compromise was a measure articulated by Roger Sherman of Connecticut that created the ultimate form of the United States Congress. It combined features of both the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. It allowed representatives from the larger states and the smaller states to agree on the composition of Congress. Under the Great Compromise, one house—the U.S. House of Representatives—is based on proportional representation. This meant that the larger states would have more representatives. The second house—the United States Senate—was based on equal representation, as each state would have two senators. Each side received something from the Great Compromise, in that the smaller states received proportional representation in the House and the larger states received equal representation in the Senate.


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