Ernesto A. Miranda was a criminal defendant convicted of rape who challenged his conviction in a U.S. Supreme Court case that bears his name. Miranda was arrested on suspicion of robbery. During a two-hour interrogation at a Phoenix police station, Miranda not only confessed to the robbery, but also to sexually assaulting and raping a woman 11 days earlier. The police officers never informed Miranda that he had a right to have a lawyer present during questioning. A jury convicted Miranda of kidnapping and rape and sentenced him to 20 to 30 years for each offense. Miranda’s lawyers argued that their client’s Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination was violated by the coercive interrogation. In Miranda v. Arizona (1966; see LegalSpeak, p. 66), the U.S. Supreme Court agreed.